Quiz Questions/JS

Can you describe the main difference between a `.forEach` loop and a `.map()` loop?

Why you would pick one versus the other?

Low
JS

To understand the differences between the two, let's look at what each function does.

forEach

  • Iterates through the elements in an array.
  • Executes a callback for each element.
  • Does not return a value.
const a = [1, 2, 3];
const doubled = a.forEach((num, index) => {
// Do something with num and/or index.
});
// doubled = undefined

map

  • Iterates through the elements in an array.
  • "Maps" each element to a new element by calling the function on each element, creating a new array as a result.
const a = [1, 2, 3];
const doubled = a.map((num) => {
return num * 2;
});
// doubled = [2, 4, 6]

The main difference between .forEach and .map() is that .map() returns a new array. If you need the result, but do not wish to mutate the original array, .map() is the clear choice. If you simply need to iterate over an array, forEach is a fine choice.

References